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Health

Every day, 30,500 boys and girls under five die of mainly preventable causes, and even more children and young people succumb to illnesses, neglect, accidents and assaults that did not have to happen. Failure sets in early: what happens during the very earliest years of a child’s life, from birth to age 3, influences how the rest of childhood and adolescence unfolds. Yet this critical time is usually neglected in the policies, programmes and budgets of countries.

A sound start embraces sound nutrition, healthcare, a hygienic home and community environment, and care, play and stimulation. Millions are still denied these rights.
 

Health and the Convention on the Rights of the Child

There are numerous articles in the CRC that promote the right to health:

Firstly, all children have the inherent right to life (Article 6). Additionally, all children have the right to "the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health" and should have access to facilities for treatment and rehabilitation, as article 24 sets out. Should a child become the victim of a certain situation described in article 39 (including neglect, abuse and torture), the State is obliged to ensure the recovery and reintegration of that chid. The CRC recognises the important relation between health and education and access to information in article 17 and 24.2(e)(f).

In its General Comment No. 4 on "adolescent Health and Development in the Context of the CRC" (2003), the Committee stresses the concept of health and development go beyond article 6 (right to survival) and article 24 (right to health).

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