skip navigation
Home  |  About Us  |  Accessibility  |  CRIN Quiz  |  FAQs  |  Contact Us
CRIN - Child Rights Information Network
 
Children's rights
Information by country
CRIN Themes
 

Print this pageThe African Union and child rights

Date:

04/08/2100

Organisation:

Child Rights International Network

Resource type:

Publication (general)


Web link http://www.crin.org/law/mechanisms_index.asp


Menu: Introduction to the African Union | Human and child rights mechanisms in the AU | UN GA Special Session on Children: The African Common Position | Links and contacts


Introduction to the African Union


The African Union, which was established in 2001 by the Constitutive Act in Lomé, Togo, is a multi-lateral organisation which promotes cooperation on economic and political issues and in other areas of common interest. It is built on democratic principles, good governance and human rights.

It replaced the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), the first regional body created in 1963 primarily to help liberate African States from colonisation, eradicate apartheid and promote economic cooperation among Member States. The OAU was abolished by its chairperson Thabo Mbeki.

The OAU, often branded a ‘talking shop’, came under fire for its failure to take action against its Member States’ blatant disregard for their citizens’ human rights and was nick-named ‘The Dictators’ Club’.

The decision-making body of the African Union is the AU Assembly of Heads of State. The AU is made up of 53 States – all African States bar Morocco which opposes the membership of Western Sahara as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, which Morocco claims as its own territory.

Its Constitutive Act puts special emphasis on the importance of civil society’s role in the continent’s development.

Human and child rights mechanisms in the African Union


The African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child was created by the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child and it empowers the Committee to consider individual communications and undertake country investigations. The Committee is still drafting its working methods and has yet to examine any complaints.

Click here to see if your country has ratified the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child

The African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, was established by the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights The Charter says all of its States Parties must accept that the Commission supervises and monitors all rights enshrined in the Charter. All 53 Member States of the African Union are parties to this Charter.

Click here to see if your country has ratified the African Charter on Human and People's Rights

The African Court on Human and People’s Rights was established by the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Establishment of an African Court on Human and People’s Rights. The Protocol entered into force in 2006, but has not yet begun its work.

For explanations of other organs in the AU, go here


UN GA Special Session on Children: The African Common Position

The Organisation of African Unity prepared an ‘African Common Position’ as a contribution to the UN Special Session on Children, which was held in New York in May 2002.

The aim of the Special Session was to:

(1) to review progress made for children since 1990 specifically by returning to the goals of the World Summit for Children, and

(2) to make a renewed commitment to children and develop a new global agenda for them in the coming decade.

A follow-up to the Special Session will be held in New York in December. Prior to this ‘high-level commemorative event’, the African Union will hold a mid-term review to look at how the African Common Position is being implemented five years after its adoption.

The review will include country reports based on a questionnaire sent to Member States of the African Union. The African Union Commission prepared the questionnaire with input from the African Committee on the Rights and Welfare of the Child. The questionnaire will also lay the ground for drafting a State of Africa’s Children report.

Key documents

Links and contacts

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights
Kairaba Avenue, P.O. Box 673, Banjul, The Gambia
Tel (220) 4392 962; Fax (220) 4390 764
Email achpr@achpr.org
Website: http://www.achpr.org


African Union Headquarters
P.O. Box 3243, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: (251) 11 551 77 00 ; Fax: (251) 11 551 78 44
Website: http://www.africa-union.org


African Committee on the Rights and Welfare of the Child
Commission of the African Union

African Union Headquarters
P.O.Box 3243, Roosvelt Street (Old Airport Area)
W21K19 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: + (251) 1 51 35 22; Fax: + (251) 1 53 57 16
Email: dsocial@africa-union.org
Website: http://www.africa-union.org/child/home.htm#


African Commission on Human and People’s Rights

Kairaba Avenue, P.O. Box 673, Banjul, The Gambia
Tel (220) 4392 962; Fax (220) 4390 764
Email achpr@achpr.org
Website: http://www.achpr.org


New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD)

NEPAD Secretariat
P.O. Box 1234, Halfway House, Midrand, 1685, Johannesburg, South Africa
Website: http://www.nepad.org

Previous Publication (general) items


Organisation Contact Details:

Child Rights International Network
East Studio
2 Pontypool Place
London
SE1 8QF
Tel: +44 (0)207 401 2257
Email: info@crin.org
Website: www.crin.org

Last updated 24/11/2011 08:33:18

Please note that these reports are hosted by CRIN as a resource for Child Rights campaigners, researchers and other interested parties. Unless otherwise stated, they are not the work of CRIN and their inclusion in our database does not necessarily signify endorsement or agreement with their content by CRIN.

Have your sayHave your say!

Be the first to have your say! Do you have something to say about this item? Get it off your chest, by posting some feedback.

Click here to view feedback for all items.

RSS FeedRSS feed for this item